Courses of Study 2018-2019 
    
    Jul 16, 2019  
Courses of Study 2018-2019 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Minor Degree Programs


Minors in the College of Engineering .

Engineering Minors


Students may pursue minors in any department in any college that offers them, subject to limitations placed by the department offering the minor or by the students’ major. Completed minors will appear on the student’s transcript. Not all departments offer minors. Additional information on specific minors can be found above, in the Engineering Undergraduate Handbook, in the undergraduate major office of the department or school offering the minor, and in Engineering Advising.

An engineering minor recognizes formal study of a particular subject area in engineering normally outside the major. Students undertaking a minor are expected to complete the requirements during the time of their continuous undergraduate enrollment at Cornell. Completing the requirements for an engineering minor (along with a major) may require more than the traditional eight semesters at Cornell. However, courses that fulfill minor requirements may also satisfy other degree requirements (e.g., distribution courses, advisor-approved, or major-approved electives), and completion within eight semesters is possible.

An engineering minor requires:

  • successful completion of all requirements for an undergraduate degree.
  • enrollment in a major that approves participation in the minor.
  • satisfactory completion of six courses (at least 18 credits) in a college-approved minor.

Students may apply for certification of a minor at any time after the required course work has been completed in accordance with published standards. An official notation of certification of a minor appears on the Cornell transcript following graduation.

The College of Engineering offers minors in the following areas:


Aerospace Engineering



Offered by:  Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Contact: 125 Upson Hall, (607) 255-1805, www.mae.cornell.edu

All undergraduates are eligible to participate in the aerospace minor.

Students intending to earn this minor should seek advice and pre-approval of their minor academic program from the associate director for undergraduate affairs in Mechanical Engineering before taking courses toward the minor.

The aerospace minor develops the engineering analysis and design skills necessary for creating and understanding aerospace vehicles and their subsystems. The minor includes diverse topics relevant to applications both in the earth’s atmosphere (e.g., aerodynamics) and in space (e.g., spacecraft thermal systems or orbital mechanics). Students in this minor will take at least four core aerospace courses, along with up to two supporting courses in engineering fundamentals or courses with applicability to aeronautics and spacecraft.

Academic Standards: A grade of at least C– in each course. If a course is offered only S–U, a grade of S is acceptable.

Requirements:


Six courses from the lists below, each worth at least 3 credits, must be completed. No substitutions will be accepted from other departments at Cornell or elsewhere. Any course used to satisfy early M.Eng. graduation requirements may not be used for the aerospace minor.

Rules for selecting courses:


  1. Rules for ME majors:
    1. Select at least four courses from group A, of which one must choose MAE 3050  or MAE 4060  (or both).
    2. Select at most two courses from group B. No courses from group C may be used.
    3. Two courses must be selected from the Aerospace Engineering subject field under the Major Approved Electives list in Mechanical Engineering (for a complete listing, consult www.mae.cornell.edu). These two courses may not be used toward fulfillment of the Mechanical Engineering B.S. degree requirements.
  2. Rules for other majors:
    1. Select at least four courses from group A, of which you must choose MAE 3050  or MAE 4060  (or both).
    2. Select a total of at most two courses from group B and group C.
    3. Students may not use any courses to satisfy requirements of both the Mechanical Engineering Minor and the Aerospace Engineering Minor.

Note:


*MAE 4291  and MAE 4900  require a form signed by the project advisor, stating that the project focuses on aerospace and is suitable as a core aerospace course for the minor. MAE 4291  or MAE 4900  must be worth 3 credits or more. Students may count at most one MAE 4291  OR one MAE 4900  toward the minor (i.e. students may not count both MAE 4291  and MAE 4900  toward the minor).



Applied Mathematics Minor


Offered jointly by the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Department of Mathematics

Contact: Richard Rand, 535 Malott Hall or 125 Upson Hall, (607) 255-7145, rhr2@cornell.edu, www.mae.cornell.edu/academics/undergrad/minors.cfm

All Engineering undergraduates affiliated with all Engineering majors are eligible to participate in the Applied Mathematics minor.

Academic standards: At least C in each course in the minor.

Requirements:


To complete the minor, students must take MATH 2930 , MATH 2940 , and at least six (6) courses beyond MATH 2940, to be chosen as follows:

  1. At most one course may be chosen from each of groups 1-4.
  2. At least three courses must be chosen from groups 5 and 6.
  3. At most one 2000-level course may be chosen.
  4. At most one course may be chosen that is offered by the student’s major department. 

Note: Students will not receive credit for MATH 4200  (Group l) and MAE 5790 /MATH 4210  (Group 6) if both are taken.

5. Advanced courses:


6. Mathematics courses:


Any 3000+ level course offered by the Mathematics Department in algebra, analysis, probability/statistics, geometry, or logic, with the following exceptions:

 



Biological Engineering Minor


Offered by the Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering

Contact: 207 Riley-Robb Hall, (607) 255-2173, www.beadvised.bee.cornell.edu

Students in all majors except biological engineering may participate. Students should meet with the BE coordinator as soon as they decide to pursue the minor and before their senior year. They will work with a BEE faculty advisor, who will assist them in completing their minor.

Educational objectives of the minor:


Biological engineering is the application of engineering to living systems. Examples of engineering efforts in this field include the development of new biosensor technologies, study and control of biologically based matter transformation systems, and development of engineered devices to study and regulate fundamental biological processes. The biological engineering minor is an opportunity for students to further their understanding of living systems and to increase their knowledge of the basic transport processes that occur within these systems. Courses in the minor provide opportunities to analyze and manipulate living systems at the molecular, cellular, and system levels.

Academic standards: At least C– in each course in the minor and a GPA > 2.0 in all courses in the minor

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits), with at least three courses and 9 credits taught in BEE as follows:

 


Biomedical Engineering



Offered by the Department of Biomedical Engineering (BME)

Contact: Ryan Sauvé, 121B Weill Hall, (607) 254-3368, bmeugrad@cornell.eduwww.bme.cornell.edu/academics/undergraduate/bem.cfm.

All undergraduates are eligible to participate in this minor, but they may participate in only one of the biological engineering and the biomedical engineering minors.

Educational Objectives: Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and methods to a wide array of problems associated with human health. The discipline includes the design of biocompatible materials, prostheses, surgical implants, artificial organs, controlled drug-delivery systems, and wound closure devices. Diagnosing diseases and determining their biological origins depend upon increasingly sophisticated instrumentation and the use of mathematical models. This minor allows students to gain exposure to the breadth and depth of biomedical engineering offerings at Cornell, to prepare for advanced studies in biomedical engineering, and to obtain transcript recognition for their interest and capability in this rapidly growing area.

Students interested in the minor should contact Ryan Sauvé at the address listed above for an application. Consult the web site listed above for instructions.

Academic standards: At least C– in each course in the minor. A cumulative GPA ≥ 2.0 for all courses in the minor.

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits) from the five categories listed below; two course groups need to be in categories 1. Introductory biology and/or 2. Advanced biology with no more than one course from category 1. Four courses must come from the following categories: 3. Molecular and cellular biological engineering, 4. Biomedical engineering analysis of physiological systems, and 5. Biomedical engineering applications with courses from at least two of these categories represented. At least four of the six courses must not be specifically required major degree courses or cross-listings.

 

Category 1. Introductory biology (maximum of 4 credits; 3-8 credits count as one course toward this category of the BME minor):


Note:


*Students interested in professional practice as biomedical engineers should consider an M.Eng. degree in BME. The recommended sequence for admission is as follows: two courses from categories 1 and 2, BME 3010 , BME 3020 , BME 4010 , and BME 4020 . The program requires students to have a knowledge of molecular and cellular biomedical engineering, and of biomedical engineering analysis of physiological systems.


Civil Infrastructure



Offered by the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Contact: 221 Hollister Hall, (607) 255-3412, www.cee.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except civil engineering may participate in this minor.

The minor in civil infrastructure is intended to introduce undergraduates to the engineering methodologies of mechanics, materials, analysis, design, and construction and to show how these are used in solving problems in the development,  maintenance, and operation of the built environment that is vital for any modern society.

Academic standards: At least C in each course in the minor

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits), chosen as follows:

Note: courses shown in brackets [ ] not offered in current year.


Computer Science



Offered by the Department of Computer Science

Contact: 110 Gates Hall, (607) 255-0982, www.cs.cornell.edu/undergrad

Students affiliated with all majors except Computer Science are eligible to participate in this minor. This minor is for students who anticipate that computer science will play a prominent role in their academic and professional career. Completion of a Computer Science minor, with a well-selected set of classes, can serve as good preparation for further study in computer science through our two-semester Master of Engineering (M.Eng.) program, or our four-semester Master of Science program.

Requirements:


 At least six courses (18 credits) chosen as follows:

2. Additional courses:


Four CS courses numbered 3000 or higher with the following exceptions:

Note:


Academic standards: at least a letter grade of C is required for each course in the minor.

Cross-listed courses cannot be applied to the minor unless taken under the CS rubric, with the sole exception of ECE 3140  and CS courses also listed as ENGRD. All qualifying courses must be taken at Cornell for a letter grade. No substitutions allowed.


Earth and Atmospheric Sciences



Offered by the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Contact: 2124 Snee Hall, (607) 255-5466, www.eas.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except Earth and Atmospheric Sciences are eligible to participate.

Some of the major problems facing mankind in this century involve earth science, and the engineering workforce will be challenged to solve these problems. This minor will prepare engineering students to understand the natural operating systems of Earth and the tools and  techniques used by earth scientists to understand and monitor these solid and fluid systems.

Academic standards: At least C– in each course in the minor. GPA ≥ 2.0 for all courses in the minor.

Requirements:


At least 18 credits, chosen as follows:

a. Required introductory course:


c. Additional EAS courses at the 3000 level or higher:


These may include, but are not limited to, additional courses from the above list, undergraduate research courses, and outdoor field courses.


Electrical and Computer Engineering



Offered by the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Contact: 222 Phillips, (607) 255-9442, www.ece.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except Electrical and Computer Engineering are eligible to participate in this minor.

This minor offers the opportunity to study analog and digital circuits, signals and systems, and electromagnetics and to concentrate at higher levels in one of several different areas such as circuit design, electronic devices, communications, computer engineering, networks, and space engineering.

Academics standards: At least C- in each course in the minor. GPA ≥ 2.3 for all courses in the minor.

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits), chosen as follows:


Engineering Entrepreneurship



Offered collaboratively by: Biological Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Materials Science in Engineering, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Operations Research in Engineering

Contact: MSE Undergraduate Coordinator, 210 Bard Hall, 607.255.9159

Academic Standards: At least C- in each course in the minor.

Eligibility:


All Engineering undergraduates. Students pursuing the Independent Major should obtain approval for the proposed minor courses to avoid significant overlap with approved primary and secondary area programs.

Educational Objectives:


This minor focuses on giving engineering students the skills necessary to identify and evaluate opportunities and begin new business ventures. The coursework leads to an understanding and ability in intellectual property, competition, technology assessment, product development, finance, and accounting—the tools necessary to start a high technology business.

Requirements:


At least six (6) courses (minimum of 18 credits), chosen as follows:

1. Required Course:


ENGRG 2270 : Introduction to Entrepreneurship for Engineers

2. Additional Courses:


II. Engineering Ethics (one from this list)

BEE 4150 - Engineering Ethics and Professional Practice  

ENGRG 3600 - Ethical Issues in Engineering Practice  

INFO 4301 - Ethics in New Media, Technology, and Communication  

 

III. History of Capitalism and Technology (one from this list)

HIST 2500 - [Technology in Society]  

HIST 2920 - [Inventing an Information Society]  

HIST 3022 - [Capitalism and American Democracy: 1880-2010]  

HIST 3411 - [Engineering in History]  

 

IV. Accounting and Finance (one from this list)

HADM 4211 - Entrepreneurial Finance  

ORIE 3150 - Financial and Managerial Accounting  

 

V. Ideation and Design Thinking (one from this list)

CHEME 4630 - Practice of Chemical Engineering Product Design  

MAE 4340 - Innovative Product Design via Digital Manufacturing  

MSE 5070 - Interdisciplinary Design Concepts  

SYSEN 5740 - Design Thinking for Complex Systems  

 

VI. Capstone Entrepreneurship (one from this list)

BEE 4890 - Entrepreneurial Management for Engineers  

ORIE 4152 - Entrepreneurship for Engineers  

Notes:


(1) Experiential Learning: Students are encouraged to consider completing a summer internship or co-op placement with an entrepreneurial or venture capital company. Please contact the Cornell Engineering Career Center office, the Red Bear Angel Group, and the Entrepreneurship@Cornell office for assistance in finding such positions.

(2) Other courses may be approved by petition in advance.


Engineering Management



Offered by the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Contact: 221 Hollister Hall, (607) 255-3412, www.cee.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors are eligible to participate in this minor. CEE students may not use courses simultaneously to satisfy a requirement for the minor and as a major-approved elective or design elective. ORIE students have some specific restrictions and requirements as noted below. Students pursuing the Independent Major should obtain approval from CEE for their proposed minor courses, as they relate to approved primary- and secondary-area programs.

This minor focuses on giving students a basic understanding of engineering economics, accounting, statistics, project management methods, and analysis tools necessary  to manage technical operations and projects effectively. The minor provides an important set of collateral skills for students in any engineering discipline.

Academic standards: At least C in each course in the minor.


Engineering Statistics



Offered by the School of Operations Research and Information Engineering

Contact: 203 Rhodes Hall, (607) 255-5088, www.orie.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except Operations Research and Engineering are eligible to participate in this minor.

The goal of the minor is to provide the student with a firm understanding of statistical principles and engineering applications and the ability to apply this knowledge in real-world situations.

Academic standards: At least C– in each course in the minor. GPA ≥ 2.0 for all courses in the minor.

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits), chosen as follows:

Note:


*Other course options approved by petition in advance. Some of these courses require others as prerequisites. All these courses are crosslisted under the Department of Statistical Science.



Environmental Engineering Minor


Offered jointly by the Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering and the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Contact: BEE Office, 207 Riley-Robb Hall, (607) 255-2173, or CEE Office, 221 Hollister Hall, (607) 255-3412, www.enve.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except environmental engineering are eligible to participate in this minor. Civil engineering majors may not use courses simultaneously to satisfy a requirement for the minor and as a major-approved elective or design elective in the Environmental Engineering degree.

A fundamental challenge for the engineering profession is development of a sustainable society and environmentally responsible industry and agriculture reflecting an integration of economic and environmental objectives, and implementation of renewable energy resources. We are called upon to be trustees and managers of our nation’s resources, the air in our cities, and water in our aquifers, streams, estuaries, and coastal areas. This minor encourages engineering students to learn about the scientific, engineering, and economic foundations of environmental engineering so that society is better able to address environmental management issues.

Academic standards: At least C– in each course in the minor. GPA ≥ 2.0 for all courses in the minor. Courses shown in brackets [ ] are not offered in current year.

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits), chosen from the following groups, with at least one course from each group.

Note: courses shown in brackets [ ] not offered in current year.

 


Game Design



Offered by the Department of Computer Science.

See: gdiac.cis.cornell.edu

Requirements:


 At least six (6) courses (18-credit minimum) chosen as follows:

Additional Courses:


Choose four of the following courses:

Additional Information:


Academic standards: at least a letter grade of C is required for each course in the minor.

Note: CS majors cannot apply CS/ENGRD 2110/2112 or courses taken under the CS-rubric (with the  sole exception of CS 4152 or CS 4154) to the ‘Additional Courses’ requirement of the Game Design Minor.



Information Science Minor


A minor in information science is available to students in the Colleges of Agriculture and Life Sciences; Architecture, Art, and Planning; Arts and Sciences; Engineering; Human Ecology; and the Schools of Hotel Administration and Industrial and Labor Relations. Because of small differences in regulations between the colleges, the requirements may vary slightly, depending on a student’s college and, in a few cases, a student’s major. Students interested in pursuing the information science minor must initiate the process by sending an e-mail message with their name, college, year of study (e.g., second-semester sophomore), expected graduation date, and (intended) major to ISminor@cornell.edu. See http://infosci.cornell.edu/academics/undergraduate-minor-information-science-0 for the most up-to-date description of the minor and its requirements.

Requirements


IS Minor Requirements by College


Agriculture and Life Sciences
Architecture, Art, and Planning
Arts and Sciences
Human Ecology
Industrial and Labor Relations

  • One core course based on your concentration.
  • Concentrations: three courses.
  • Elective/Additional: two courses from any concentration.

Engineering

  • One core course based on your concentration.
  • Concentrations: three courses.
  • Elective/Additional: one course from any concentration.

Hotel School

 


Materials Science and Engineering



Offered by the Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Contact: 210 Bard Hall, (607) 255-9159, www.mse.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except Materials Science and Engineering are eligible to participate in this minor.

Materials properties are the foundation of many engineering disciplines including mechanical, civil, chemical, and electrical engineering. This minor provides students with a fundamental understanding of mechanisms that determine the ultimate performance, properties, and processing characteristics of modern materials.

Academic standards: At least C in each course in the minor.

Requirements:


 At least six courses (≥ 18 credits), chosen as follows:

3. Three electives chosen from:


 Any MSE course at the 3000-level or above OR selected courses in materials properties and processing (at the 3000-level or above) from AEP, CHEME, CEE, ECE, MAE, PHYS, and CHEM, as approved by the MSE undergraduate major coordinator.


Mechanical Engineering



Offered by the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Contact: 125 Upson Hall, (607) 255-1805, www.mae.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except MAE are eligible to participate in this minor. Students intending to earn this minor should seek advice and pre-approval of their minor academic program from the associate director for undergraduate affairs in mechanical engineering before taking courses toward the minor.

Academic standards: At least C– in each course in the minor.

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits) from among the following:


Rules for selecting courses:


  1. The selection of courses must satisfy the following three requirements.
    1. At least two courses must be numbered above 3000.
    2. At least one course must be either (i) numbered above 5000 or (ii) numbered above 3260 and have as a prerequisite ENGRD 2020 , MAE 2030  , or a MAE course.
    3. Each course must be worth at least 3 credits.
  2. All courses used to satisfy the MAE minor must be MAE courses, ENGRD 2020  or MAE 2030  . No substitutions will be accepted from other departments at Cornell or elsewhere. Transfer credit may not be used to satisfy the MAE minor.  MAE 4980 - Teaching Experience in Mechanical Engineering  may not be used toward satisfying the M.E. minor. MAE 4900  or MAE 4291  may be used for at most one course in the minor.

Operations Research and Management Science



Offered by the School of Operations Research and Information Engineering

Contact: 203 Rhodes Hall, (607) 255-5088, www.orie.cornell.edu

Students affiliated with all majors except Operations Research and Engineering and Information Science, Systems, and Technology are eligible to participate in this minor.

Operations research and management science supports decision making through modeling and analysis of complex systems. This understanding is used to predict system behavior and improve system performance. This minor gives the student the opportunity to obtain a wide exposure to the core methodological tools of operations research and management science, including mathematical programming, stochastic and statistical models, and simulation. The intent of this minor is to provide a broad  knowledge of the fundamentals, rather than to train the student in a particular application domain. With this preparation, students can adjust their advanced courses and pursue either methodological or application-oriented areas most relevant to their educational goals.

Academic standards: At least C- in each course in the minor. GPA ≥ 2.0 for all courses in the minor.

Requirements:


At least six courses (≥ 18 credits), chosen as follows:



Sustainable Energy Systems Minor


Offered collaboratively by the Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, the Robert Frederick Smith School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, and the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Contacts: curricular topics: Jeff Tester, Croll Professor of Sustainable Energy Systems, 2160 Snee Hall, (607) 254-7211; administrative or registrar topics: Carol Casler, undergraduate programs office of the Smith School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, (607) 255-1489.

Individual faculty members in most units in the College of Engineering are involved in research and education intended to move society toward more sustainable solutions to our energy needs and are sources of guidance to students interested in the Energy minor. Many of these faculty members are in the College of Engineering: https://energy.cornell.edu/people/faculty%20experts. The minor is open to all undergraduate students.

Providing affordable energy to meet the demands of both developed and developing nations without further damaging the natural environment and the Earth’s climate system is a grand challenge for the 21st century. Our quality of life and the stability of nations ultimately depend on having accessible energy resources and an equitable and sustainable energy supply and distribution system. Achievement of these goals requires the participation, ingenuity, and hard work of people with a range of specialized backgrounds, working collaboratively. The minor is intended to emphasize the importance of viewing the challenge of meeting the world’s energy needs as a system of interacting themes. The requirements of the minor are designed to provide breadth across a range of energy resource types and conversion, transmission and storage technologies along with coverage of the environmental, economic, political, and social consequences of various options.

Academic standards: At least C– in each course or, for S–U only courses, S.

Requirements:


  • Six courses and a minimum of 18 credits; at least 3 credits in each category
  • At least two courses (together totaling no less than 3 credits) in category 2: Energy Sources and Technologies for a Transition to Sustainability
  • At most two courses may be specific requirements in the student’s major
  • At least one course from each of four breadth categories

Four Breadth Categories:


  1. Energy Systems Analysis
  2. Energy Sources and Technologies for a Transition to Sustainability
  3. Natural Systems Impacted by Energy Production and Use
  4. Social Impact: Policy, Economics, Business, History, Ethics, and Risk Analysis.

Courses satisfying each of the breadth categories:


2. Energy sources and technologies for a transition to sustainability:

 



Dyson Business Minor for Engineers:


The Dyson Business Minor for Engineers (DBME) is offered by the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management (AEM) in the Cornell SC Johnson College of Business and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

Contact: the Dyson Business minors team:

Email: minors.dyson.cornell.edu

Office: 375 Warren Hall

Web: http://minors.business.cornell.edu

Eligibility

Undergraduate students in the following colleges and majors are eligible to enroll in DBME:

  • All students in the College of Engineering
  • College of Agriculture and Life Sciences:
    • Biological Engineering
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Information Science
  • College of Arts and Sciences:
    • Computer Sciences
    • Information Science

All eligible students may complete a Declaration of Intent for the DBME starting in their freshmen year, and must declare their intent to minor by the end of their sixth semester to qualify. The declaration is intended to signal the interest and intent of a College of Engineering student to pursue the DBME offered in the Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management. The declaration can be filed before the prerequisite course in microeconomics is completed as long as the applicant plans to take the course within the next two semesters. Once the declaration of intent is registered in the DBME database, students receive notification and are officially considered part of the program. Students declaring the intent to minor benefit in a variety of ways:

  • Have preference for enrollment in applicable AEM courses offered in the minor as long as they follow the rules of pre-enrollment.
  • Receive invitations to special extracurricular events related to business andengineering.
  • Have access to advice and guidance on theminor.
  • Learn about new offerings and/or new optionalcourses.

Educational Objectives

The DBME has been created specifically with the needs of engineers in mind. The minor is flexible and meaningful for engineers who want to be prepared for the business world; including options for students to adapt their course selections to their career aspirations.

Extracurricular Activities

Seminars, networking events and other extracurricular activities will be offered to the DBME students throughout the year. Students are encouraged to attend at least one event per semester. Please refer to http://events.dyson.cornell.edu for more information.

Course Requirements


1. Pre-Requisite:


To file a Declaration of Intent to Minor in DBME, students must be enrolled in, or plan to take in the next two semesters one introductory microeconomics course from the following list:

2. Core Requirements:


The following categories contain the core requirement courses approved for completing the minor. All courses must be completed with a letter grade of C or better.  At least 7 credits must be taken in the Dyson School (AEM classes). No course substitutions will be allowed unless prior permission has been obtained.

3 Credits to Support Career Goals: